List of essential Japanese verbs

Random monster
Verb Class Level
Order by
RomajiJapanese ScriptEnglish verbClass
tasuたす
足す
add1ConjugateExample sentences
kotaeruこたえる
答える
answer2ConjugateExample sentences
tsukuつく
着く
arrive1ConjugateExample sentences
abiruあびる
浴びる
bathe, take a shower2ConjugateExample sentences
iruいる
居る
be2ConjugateExample sentences
dekiruできる
出来る
be able2ConjugateExample sentences
umareruうまれる
生まれる
be born2ConjugateExample sentences
naoruなおる
直る
be cured, healed1ConjugateExample sentences
makeruまける
負ける
be defeated, lose a game2ConjugateExample sentences
chigauちがう
違う
be different, wrong1ConjugateExample sentences
tariruたりる
足りる
be enough, suffient2ConjugateExample sentences
mitsukaruみつかる
見つかる
be found1ConjugateExample sentences
yorokobu
喜ぶ
be glad, pleased1ConjugateExample sentences
komaruこまる
困る
be in trouble1ConjugateExample sentences
nakunaruなくなる
無くなる
be missing, vanish1ConjugateExample sentences
mieruみえる
見える
be visible, able to see2ConjugateExample sentences
naruなるbecome1ConjugateExample sentences
komuこむ
込む
become crowded1ConjugateExample sentences
nureruぬれる
濡れる
become wet2ConjugateExample sentences
hajimeruはじめる
始める
begin2ConjugateExample sentences
hajimaruはじまる
始まる
begin1ConjugateExample sentences
sakuさく
咲く
bloom1ConjugateExample sentences
fukuふく
吹く
blow, wipe1ConjugateExample sentences
noruのる
乗る
board, ride on1ConjugateExample sentences
kariruかりる
借りる
borrow, rent2ConjugateExample sentences
tateru たてる
立てる
build2ConjugateExample sentences
kauかう
買う
buy1ConjugateExample sentences
yobuよぶ
呼ぶ
call1ConjugateExample sentences
shiraberuしらべる
調べる
check, investigate2ConjugateExample sentences
erabuえらぶ
選ぶ
choose, select1ConjugateExample sentences
hareruはれる
晴れる
clear up, tidy up2ConjugateExample sentences
noboruのぼる
登る
climb1ConjugateExample sentences
shimaruしまる
閉まる
close, be closed1ConjugateExample sentences
kuruくる
来る
come1ConjugateExample sentences
mairuまいる
参る
come/go (humble)1ConjugateExample sentences
tsuzukuつづく
続く
continue, follow1ConjugateExample sentences
tsuzukeruつづける
続ける
continue, proceed2ConjugateExample sentences
wataruわたる
渡る
cross1ConjugateExample sentences
nakuなく
泣く
cry1ConjugateExample sentences
kiruきる
切る
cut1ConjugateExample sentences
kimeru
決める
decide, choose2ConjugateExample sentences
shinuしぬ
死ぬ
die1ConjugateExample sentences
yaruやるdo, give1ConjugateExample sentences
suruするdo, make1ConjugateExample sentences
nomuのむ
飲む
drink1ConjugateExample sentences
taberuたべる
食べる
eat2ConjugateExample sentences
owaruおわる
終わる
end1ConjugateExample sentences
tanoshimu たのしむ
楽しむ
enjoy, have fun1ConjugateExample sentences
hairuはいる
入る
enter1ConjugateExample sentences
torikaeru とりかえる
取り換える
exchange2ConjugateExample sentences
dasuだす
出す
extract, take out1ConjugateExample sentences
taoreruたおれる
倒れる
fall down, collapse2ConjugateExample sentences
furuふる
降る
fall from the sky1ConjugateExample sentences
sagaruさがる
下がる
fall, drop, hang1ConjugateExample sentences
mitsukeruみつける
見つける
find2ConjugateExample sentences
tsuruつる
釣る
fish1ConjugateExample sentences
wasureruわすれる
忘れる
forget2ConjugateExample sentences
narabuならぶ
並ぶ
form a line, equal1ConjugateExample sentences
oriruおりる
降りる
get off, go down2ConjugateExample sentences
tsukareru つかれる
疲れる
get tired2ConjugateExample sentences
okiruおきる
起きる
get up2ConjugateExample sentences
ageruあげる
あげる
give2ConjugateExample sentences
kaesuかえす
返す
give back, return (something to someone)1ConjugateExample sentences
ikuいく
行く
go1ConjugateExample sentences
susumuすすむ
進む
go forward, advance1ConjugateExample sentences
deruでる
出る
go out2ConjugateExample sentences
dekakeruでかける
出かける
go out, leave home2ConjugateExample sentences
mawaruまわる
回る
go round1ConjugateExample sentences
agaruあがる
上がる
go up, rise1ConjugateExample sentences
mukaeruむかえる
迎える
greet, meet, welcome2ConjugateExample sentences
watasuわたす
渡す
hand over1ConjugateExample sentences
kakeruかける
掛ける
hang, sit, telephone, risk2ConjugateExample sentences
aruある
有る
have, exist1ConjugateExample sentences
motsuもつ
持つ
have, hold, own1ConjugateExample sentences
tasukeru たすける
助ける
help2ConjugateExample sentences
suuすう
吸う
inhale, sip, smoke1ConjugateExample sentences
tobuとぶ
飛ぶ
jump, fly1ConjugateExample sentences
shiruしる
知る
know1ConjugateExample sentences
warauわらう
笑う
laugh1ConjugateExample sentences
tsureruつれる
連れる
lead2ConjugateExample sentences
narauならう
習う
learn1ConjugateExample sentences
kasuかす
貸す
lend1ConjugateExample sentences
naraberuならべる
並べる
line up, list, arrange in order2ConjugateExample sentences
kikuきく
聞く
listen1ConjugateExample sentences
sumuすむ
住む
live, reside1ConjugateExample sentences
miruみる
見る
look2ConjugateExample sentences
sageruさげる
下げる
lower, hang2ConjugateExample sentences
machigaeruまちがえる
間違える
make a mistake2ConjugateExample sentences
sawaguさわぐ
騒ぐ
make a noise, be rowdy1ConjugateExample sentences
tsukuruつくる
作る
make, build, create1ConjugateExample sentences
auあう
会う
meet1ConjugateExample sentences
iruいる
要る
need1ConjugateExample sentences
shiraseruしらせる
知らせる
notify2ConjugateExample sentences
akeruあける
開ける
open2ConjugateExample sentences
akuあく
開く
open, become vacant1ConjugateExample sentences
nuruぬる
塗る
paint1ConjugateExample sentences
wakareruわかれる
別れる
part, separate from, be divided, divorced2ConjugateExample sentences
sugiruすぎる
過ぎる
pass, exceed2ConjugateExample sentences
harauはらう
払う
pay1ConjugateExample sentences
asobuあそぶ
遊ぶ
play1ConjugateExample sentences
sasuさす
刺す
point out, sting, stab1ConjugateExample sentences
migakuみがく
磨く
polish1ConjugateExample sentences
homeruほめる
褒める
praise2ConjugateExample sentences
hikuひく
引く
pull1ConjugateExample sentences
osuおす
押す
push, press1ConjugateExample sentences
ireruいれる
入れる
put in, let in2ConjugateExample sentences
hakuはく
履く
put on, wear (on feet or legs - trousers/shoes etc)1ConjugateExample sentences
okuおく
置く
put, place1ConjugateExample sentences
yomuよむ
読む
read1ConjugateExample sentences
morauもらう
貰う
receive, get1ConjugateExample sentences
oboeruおぼえる
覚える
remember, learn2ConjugateExample sentences
naosuなおす
直す
repair, cure1ConjugateExample sentences
tanomuたのむ
頼む
request, order, ask favour1ConjugateExample sentences
yasumuやすむ
休む
rest, sleep1ConjugateExample sentences
kaeruかえる
返る
return1ConjugateExample sentences
hashiruはしる
走る
run1ConjugateExample sentences
kakeruかけるrun, canter, gallop1ConjugateExample sentences
iuいう
言う
say1ConjugateExample sentences
shikaruしかる
叱る
scold, tell off1ConjugateExample sentences
sagasuさがす
探す
search for1ConjugateExample sentences
uruうる
売る
sell1ConjugateExample sentences
okuruおくる
送る
send, see off1ConjugateExample sentences
miseruみせる
見せる
show2ConjugateExample sentences
shimeruしめる
閉める
shut2ConjugateExample sentences
utauうたう
歌う
sing1ConjugateExample sentences
suwaruすわる
座る
sit1ConjugateExample sentences
neruねる
寝る
sleep, go to bed2ConjugateExample sentences
suberuすべる
滑る
slip1ConjugateExample sentences
hanasuはなす
話す
speak1ConjugateExample sentences
tatsu
立つ
stand up1ConjugateExample sentences
nusumuぬすむ
盗む
steal1ConjugateExample sentences
haruはる
張る
stick, put something on1ConjugateExample sentences
tomaruとまる
止まる
stop1ConjugateExample sentences
tomeruとめる
止める
stop, fasten2ConjugateExample sentences
yameruやめる
止める
stop, give up, resign2ConjugateExample sentences
oyoguおよぐ
泳ぐ
swim1ConjugateExample sentences
nuguぬぐ
脱ぐ
take off, remove (shoes, clothes)1ConjugateExample sentences
kakaruかかる
掛かる
take, begin, be hanging1ConjugateExample sentences
toruとる
取る
take, steal1ConjugateExample sentences
oshieruおしえる
教える
teach, show2ConjugateExample sentences
omouおもう
思う
think1ConjugateExample sentences
nageruなげる
投げる
throw away2ConjugateExample sentences
suteruすてる
捨てる
throw away2ConjugateExample sentences
sodateruそだてる
育てる
to rear, to bring up2ConjugateExample sentences
sawaruさわる
触る
touch or feel (with hands)1ConjugateExample sentences
kesuけす
消す
turn off, erase1ConjugateExample sentences
tsukeru つける
点ける
turn on, light2ConjugateExample sentences
magaruまがる
曲がる
turn, bend1ConjugateExample sentences
wakaruわかる
分かる
understand1ConjugateExample sentences
tsukauつかう
使う
use, operate1ConjugateExample sentences
kieruきえる
消える
vanish, go out, be extinguished2ConjugateExample sentences
matsuまつ
待つ
wait1ConjugateExample sentences
arukuあるく
歩く
walk1ConjugateExample sentences
arauあらう
洗う
wash1ConjugateExample sentences
kiruきる
着る
wear2ConjugateExample sentences
kaburuかぶる
被る
wear (on your head), put on1ConjugateExample sentences
hatarakuはたらく
働く
work1ConjugateExample sentences
tsutomeruつとめる
勤める
work for2ConjugateExample sentences
tsutsumuつつむ
包む
wrap1ConjugateExample sentences
kakuかく
書く
write1ConjugateExample sentences
   





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